House Interpretation Theories

Q&A and discussion on Houses including house models and domification systems.
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House Interpretation Theories

Post by Jim Eshelman » Sun Mar 08, 2020 2:57 pm

Across the history of the dodekatopos, or 12-fold house division, several layers have been added, one atop the other, from which modern theories descend (sometimes clearly, sometimes not). This thread will present bullet points on these historic perspectives for each of the 12 houses.

Please understand that this is a collation of theories, not an argument that houses exist as astrological realities. In any case, it should be useful to be able to see how the layered meanings evolved historically.

The items given for each are: (1) Ancient title. (2) Aspect to Asc. (3) Joys. (4) Constellation correspondence. (5) Greek patron. (6) Typical modern assignments. (7) My thesis.

First House viewtopic.php?f=17&t=3921&p=29470#p29471
Twelfth House viewtopic.php?f=17&t=3921&p=29470#p29472
Eleventh House viewtopic.php?f=17&t=3921&p=29470#p29473
Tenth House viewtopic.php?f=17&t=3921&p=29470#p29474
Ninth House viewtopic.php?f=17&t=3921&p=29470#p29475
Eighth House viewtopic.php?f=17&t=3921&p=29470#p29476
Seventh House viewtopic.php?f=17&t=3921&p=29470#p29477
Sixth House viewtopic.php?f=17&t=3921&p=29470#p29478
Fifth House viewtopic.php?f=17&t=3921&p=29470#p29479
Fourth House viewtopic.php?f=17&t=3921&p=29470#p29480
Third House viewtopic.php?f=17&t=3921&p=29470#p29481
Second House viewtopic.php?f=17&t=3921&p=29470#p29482
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First House

Post by Jim Eshelman » Sun Mar 08, 2020 2:58 pm

Ancient Title: Stilbon, "Glistener," or Horoscopos, "View of the Hour," or Oiax, "Helm". Latin Vita, "life."
Aspect to Asc: Conjunction
Joy: Mercury
Constellation correspondence: Libra
Greek patron: Hephaestus (Vulcan)
Typical modern attribution: The body and general external character: Personality, natural disposition and tendencies, self-interest and worldly outlook generally.
My thesis: Fullest expression of Self (as part of streaming into outer/public world).

It is also called "The Helm," which, per Manilius, steers "the various virtues of the stars." I like that: It implies "what we lead with."

Manilius says that this house governs life and the formation of character; or, in his words,
Manilius wrote:Within its domain lies the arbitrament of life and the formation of character; it will grant success to enterprises, open up the professions, and decide the early years that await men from their birth, the education they receive, and the station to which they are born, according as the planets approve and mingle their influences.

Therefore, he later says it is "commissioned with two charges; for in it nature has placed all fortunes of children and has made dependent on it the prayers of parents." (These seem, to me, the same charge.)

Firmicus summarizes as, "the life and vital spirit of men," advising that "from this house the basic character of the entire nativity is determined." It is "the cornerstone and basis of the whole nativity."

NOTE: I've always found the significance of Ascendant and the 1st House to be vastly overstated. Nonetheless, rightly or wrongly, it truly is a cornerstone of much of ancient astrology.
Sun in 1st. Proud, authoritative, non-reciprocal. Strong and enthusiastic self-projection to environment. Sense of goal or direction. Vitality.

Moon in 1st. Restless, moody, subjective, changeable, eager. Response to a given situation not dependable. Strongly responsive to environment. Emotional “feelers” extended; feelings prominent; eager to help a friend.
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Twelfth House

Post by Jim Eshelman » Sun Mar 08, 2020 2:58 pm

Ancient Title: Kakos daimon, "Bad (evil) Spirit"
Aspect to Asc: None.
Joy: Saturn
Constellation correspondence: Virgo
Greek patron: Demeter (Ceres)
Typical modern attribution: Secret enemies, seclusion (hospitals, imprisonment), and obscure difficulties. Unseen or unexpected troubles; restraint, limitations, exile, seclusion, secret sorrows, silent sufferings and woe, self-undoing, secret enemies, hospitals, large animals; occult or hidden side of life.
My thesis: First tentative (resisted) turn from Self to Other (while habituated to Self). In this principle are found the familiar themes of self-undoing or selflessness, unknown friends & enemies (unknown others), being unknown to others (withdrawal, seclusion, isolation), hidden things, etc.

Manilius called it "a temple of ill omen, hostile to future activity and all too faithful of bane." It is "a portal of toil," in which one is "doomed to climb." Firmicus says from this can be "easily determined the nature of enemies and the character of slaves" and "defects and illnesses." To say this another way, it is is "an unhappy seat," destructive to all events, an ill omen, toilsome, hostile to future activity, and "all too fruitful of bane," bringing a "spectacle of ruin" and doom.
Sun in 12th. Privacy needs, secretive, prefers seclusion (loner, hermit). Moody, circumspect. Inhibitions; self-expression retarded.

Moon in 12th. Secluded (hermit). Difficult emotional complexes, inferiority feelings, moody; an “I’m not OK but you’re OK” syndrome, or “You’re probably better than I am.” Passive or defeatist attitude, drifting. Frustration of nurturing needs and emotional interchange. Vulnerable to pain.
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Eleventh House

Post by Jim Eshelman » Sun Mar 08, 2020 2:59 pm

Ancient Title: Agathos Daimon, "Good (Happy) Spirit"
Aspect to Asc: Sextile (weak)
Joy: Jupiter
Constellation correspondence: Leo
Greek patron: Zeus (Jupiter)
Typical modern attribution: Friends, associations, hopes and wishes
My thesis: Flowing enthusiastically toward Others (after initial resistance), while retaining individuality (still proximate to Asc). Simultaneously, aspiration, i.e., approach or approximation to attainment. This summarizes the traditional expressions of "friends and associates" (an individual in the context of group) and "hopes & wishes."

Manilius said it "surges ever higher, being ambitious for the prize and triumphant."
Sun in 11th. Growth needs pronounced. Desire to do something specific. Strong need for appreciation. Gregarious; social ease; attractive to opposite sex. Great powers of observation, knowledge of human nature (helping-professions).

Moon in 11th. Need for appreciation and inclusion. Socially popular. Readiness to help (comes on strong, insistent). Uniquely personalized approaches, sense of “where they want to be,” goals, hopes and wishes. Self-satisfied, smug in their position, strong-willed. Good observation powers. Image of independent spirit.
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Tenth House

Post by Jim Eshelman » Sun Mar 08, 2020 2:59 pm

Ancient Title: Gloria, "Glory," or Mesouranema, "culmination."
Aspect to Asc: Square (very strong)
Joy: None.
Constellation correspondence: Cancer
Greek patron: Hermes (Mercury)
Typical modern attribution: Profession, occupation, honor, fame, promotion, mother, employer; affairs of the country or government.
My thesis: Fullest expression as Public or Outer world. All the developed Midheaven themes. (These are necessarily part of the arc of streaming toward Others instead of centered on Self, but it's almost redundant to say this given the strong focus on public expression.)

Of the Midheaven in particular, Manilius says it is "first place" among the angles. It's title is "Glory (truly a fit warden for heaven's supreme station), so that she may claim all that is pre-eminent, arrogate all distinction, and reign by awarding honors of every kind. Hence comes applause, splendor, and every form of popular favor; hence the power to dispense justice in the courts, to bring the world under the rule of law, to make alliances with foreign nations on one's own terms, and to win fame relative to one's station."

Manilius seems (unique among ancient writers) to regard this (and not the 5th house, which he treats more shabbily) as the Joy of Venus and says, from here, she "rules the affairs of men and governs "wedlock, the bridal chamber, and the marriage torch." He called it "Fortune," a variation of the traditional name of the 5th. I think it was an intentional change on his part.
Sun in 10th. Awareness of authority within self and others (paternal bias). Achievement-oriented, responsible, managerial. Proud. Probable success in career.

Moon in 10th. Need for notice and recognition, love receiving attention (colorful characters). Ambitious, takes job seriously, deeply committed to profession. Socially active.
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Ninth House

Post by Jim Eshelman » Sun Mar 08, 2020 2:59 pm

Ancient Title: Theos, "God"
Aspect to Asc: Trine (strong)
Joy: Sun
Constellation correspondence: Gemini
Greek patron: Apollo
Typical modern attribution: Philosophy, religion, travel. Long journeys, foreign countries and places remote from birth; dreams, visions, psychic experiences, education, intuition and higher development; philanthropic, philosophic and spiritual tendencies...
My thesis: First tentative (resisted) turn toward Inner World while habituated to the Outer or Public. Therefore it gives primary expression to public, culturally-embedded institutions that are the best developed and most accepted contexts for inner exploration: Institutions of education, conventional religion, courts, and fields of thought and reflection. (I am unclear where in this development we find the travel side, which is as deeply a part of 9th House tradition as the rest. It fits the Gemini attribution but I don't yet see it from my basic thesis unless "turn toward Inner World" is treated more broadly as "turn to inner enrichment.")

By classical assignment, this house shows the polarity of health or illness, strength or failure, reflecting the waxing and waning strength of Sun. From this we read "what ill or hap our bodies take," per Manilius.

Firmicus added "the social class of men," and connects it to "religion and foreign travel."
Sun in 9th. Drawn by the exotic (travel, “world-hoppers”). Enthusiasm. Sense of professionalism to provide self-vindication, validation, or status. Able to communicate own best assets. Need for importance. (The women are typically highly dependent on spouses with low assertion of individuality or independence; the men are usually “peacocks.”)

Moon in 9th. Intellectually “uppity.” Focus on philosophy, abstract thought, and academics. Idealistic. Imagination, receptive mind. Love of travel. Earnest, sincere. Moody.
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Eighth House

Post by Jim Eshelman » Sun Mar 08, 2020 2:59 pm

Ancient Title: Argos, "no energy"
Aspect to Asc: None
Joy: None
Constellation correspondence: Taurus
Greek patron: Aphrodite (Venus)
Typical modern attribution: Accidents, death, inheritances, others' money. Legacies, the money or goods of others, death, and all matters connected with the dead; astral experiences.
My thesis: Approach or approximation to Others, thus those things identified with others or the not-self. This gives the traditional meanings of "others' [or shared] money / resources" and also detachment, the disidentification of resources, and all the psychological versions of detachment. Concurrently, it shows an enthusiastic flowing into inner worlds (to master them?) after an initial resistance. From this we get such expressions as deep psychological explorations (or stirred, even volatilized, unaddressed, subconscious content) and existential crisis or reflection (e.g., confrontation with Thanatos), a deeper (more authentic) exploration of the Within (in contrast to 9th House socially acceptable or institutionalized forms).

Manilius regarded it as unfortunate, one of two "dread abodes of Typhon, whom savage Earth brought forth when she gave birth to war against heaven."

This house of weakness, idleness, and loss of energy fittingly corresponds to Taurus.

By the time of Firmicus, this had evolved into something a little more akin to modern usage, though within the above definition. The 8th includes "the kind of death," and he advises that "no planet rejoices in this house except the Moon" - fascinating, since this house corresponds to Taurus, which is Moon's exaltation! (He then gives long rules about Moon in this house.)
Sun in 8th. Strong-willed. Illuminates and supports others’ resources. Contemplative, probes mysteries of existence (grand overview of life), need to solve problems. Physical passions important.

Moon in 8th. Self-doubts, insecure (over-compensatingly brazen, aggressive, combative). Fascinated by death (self-destructive, taunts danger). Emotional distress, “victim complex,” motivated (or driven!) by deep psychological forces.
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Seventh House

Post by Jim Eshelman » Sun Mar 08, 2020 3:00 pm

Ancient Title: Dysis, "setting"
Aspect to Asc: Opposition (very strong!)
Joy: None
Constellation correspondence: Aries
Greek patron: Athena (Minerva), plus Pluto
Typical modern attribution: Marriage and all other partnerships, and open enemies. Unions, partnerships, marriage, contracts, lawsuits, open enemies, dealings with others and the public generally.
My thesis: The fullest expression of identifying energies with the Other or not-self. (Consider Bradley's development of Pluto as I-Thou.) Traditionally, this "other" can be friend or foe - cooperation or competition - partner or antagonist. These, however, are known friends or foes (as "others-ness" is most developed in the 7th House) in contrast to the unknown friends or foes of the 12th House (where the concept is brand new). - Necessarily, this occurs within the process of "inward turning" of MC to IC hemicycle, part of streaming into the inner/private world: It isn't clear how to exactly articulate this but it seems inherent in the original statement. - The not-self focus is consistent with Descendant's traditional relationship with death.

Manilius speaks of this primarily in terms of finality and completion, saying that the house "is concerned with the consummation of affairs and the conclusion of toil." He also assigns it to "marriages" (which he elsewhere gives to the 10th) "and banquets and the closing years of life, leisure and social intercourse and worship of the gods;" that is, social relationships, recreation, religious festivities, and death.

Later, Manilius says that the "setting heaven" is "called the portal of somber Pluto and keeps control over the end of life and death's firm-bolted door. Here dies even the very light of day, which the ground beneath steals away from the world and locks up captive in the dungeon of night." He says the house "claims for itself the guardianship of good faith and constancy of heart." (Firmicus simplifies it to "the nature and number of marriages.")
Sun in 7th. Needs ego-validation from others (vain, narcissistic), desire to be an important person. Others-oriented, a “public personality.” Holds self above reproach (“holier than thou”). Ambitious, confident demeanor; opportunistic. Considerable vitality. Many (but not hardly all) have an overt or shadow need to be in charge of other people.

Moon in 7th. Focus on relationships; companionship needs. Responsive to others, obliging. Nurturing and emotional interchange important in relationships; need for love and affection. Sociable, popular, attracts others’ attention easily. Ease of public expression. Easily pressured into taking sides or responding to “the issues.”
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Sixth House

Post by Jim Eshelman » Sun Mar 08, 2020 3:00 pm

Ancient Title: Kakos Tuche, "Bad (Evil) Fortune"
Aspect to Asc: None.
Joy: Mars
Constellation correspondence: Pisces
Greek patron: Poseidon (Neptune)
Typical modern attribution: Sickness, servants or employees, service, work, food, hygiene, clothing and small animals. Servants, food, clothes, and health.
My thesis: First tentative (resisted) turn from Others toward Self (while being habituated to respond to Others). This clearly expresses the service idea, including all work done as service to others. (The traditional health character probably isn't any more native to 6th House than to all the Cadent houses.) - Necessarily, there must also be a component of unknown (unexplored?) self in this, something I've never seen anyone else develop as attention turns first toward oneself (in the sense that 12th House means "unknown others"). In this may be a hint of servility, but I think it must be more.

Manilius regarded it as similar to the 12th (which he called "a temple of ill omen, hostile to future activity and all too faithful of bane"). He called it "a portal of toil, in which one is "doomed to fall."

Firmicus says it discloses "the cause of physical infirmities and sickness."
Sun in 6th. Emphasis on work, service, and body/health concerns (body-conscious). Pride in personal achievements. Vitality not trustworthy. Determined worker.

Moon in 6th. Focus on service as mode of self-completion (many “helpers”). Emotional martyrdom in partnering (nurturing + service). [Partnering with ‘institution cases!’] Hesitancy to freely respond to a situation (emotional repression?). Moody, frequent job changes, considerate of coworkers.
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Fifth House

Post by Jim Eshelman » Sun Mar 08, 2020 3:00 pm

Ancient Title: Agathe Tuche, "Good (Happy) Fortune". Later, Latin Nati, "children."
Aspect to Asc: Trine (strong)
Joy: Venus
Constellation correspondence: Aquarius
Greek patron: Hera (Juno)
Typical modern attribution: Pleasure, love-affairs, children, and speculation.
My thesis: Enthusiastic flowing toward Selfness (after an initial resistance), yet retaining the context or connection of others (by proximity to Descendant). From this is a streaming, out-pouring of self-expression in the forms of pleasure, enjoyment, romance, recreation, creativity, procreativity, dramatic - overall aliveness. - Additionally, it is proximate to the Inmost, which is not as obvious as the Succedent houses in other quarters, but evidently contributes the theme of intimacy; one could say (in parallel to the other quarters) that it is not home or family, those things which build toward them.

Firmicus is more classical than Manilius, emphasizing the title Good Fortune, the Venus rulership, and that it has a powerful, positive aspect to the 1st. He adds that it shows the number and sex of children.
Sun in 5th. Oriented to pleasure (own and others’), spontaneous self-expression, strong individuation needs, self-confidence, delightfulness. Often riveting charisma. Creative thrust. Ego identified with own creations (children).

Moon in 5th. Love of variety. Self-expressive needs. Many love affairs; strong libido; focus on pleasure. Ardent.
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Fourth House

Post by Jim Eshelman » Sun Mar 08, 2020 3:00 pm

Ancient Title: Hypogeion, "under the earth," or Daemonium, "Demon, Spirit". Later, Latin Genitor, "parent."
Aspect to Asc: Square (very strong!)
Joy: None
Constellation correspondence: Capricorn
Greek patron: Hestia (Vesta)
Typical modern attribution: Father, home, environment domestic affairs, and general conditions at close of life. The outlook regarding mines, lands, property and the end of undertakings. Home, the condition at the end of life, and one of the parents.
My thesis: Fullest expression of alignment with the private or with the inner world - all the IC attributes. This gives nearly all the traditional attributions (presuming "father" is generalized to "parent"); its place in the daily cycle defines it as "the beginning and end of the matter." - Notice that the Capricorn attribution is unusually expressive of traditional themes (in great elaboration) and that Hestia's patronage is an exact fit for "home." - Necessarily, being midpoint of the Dsc to Asc hemicycle, it is part of the flow toward greater self-identification: This is hard to distinguish from the "private" theme (they overlap) and is perhaps best expressed in the word "mine."

Manilius seems to imply that this is the second strongest angle even though "in outward aspect its influence is less;" but he deems it "greater in utility." He says it "controls the foundations of things and governs wealth," a very important, practical attribute. "It examines to what extent desires are accomplished by the mining of metal and what gain can issue from a hidden source."

Manilius rightly calls it "the foundations," at "depths of midnight gloom." Here, he says, "Saturn... wields as a father power over the fortunes of gathers and the plight of the old."

In general he gives it rulership over fathers, sons, their wealth, and respect for fathers and "the plight of the old." Firmicus later summarizes this as "family property, substance, possessions, household goods, anything that pertains to hidden and recovered wealth."
Sun in 4th. Strong parental (paternal) principle (root-conscious). Emphasis on family matters (domesticity). Pride in home. Striving for a secure basis.

Moon in 4th. Needs emotional security. Emotionally attached to home, parents (mother), and heritage. Family-spirit, domestic. Nurtures, but needs nurturing. Powerful emotions mobilized protectively. Strongly sensitive to psychic tone of the environment and its occupants.
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Third House

Post by Jim Eshelman » Sun Mar 08, 2020 3:00 pm

Ancient Title: Thea, "Goddess". later, Latin Fratres, "brethren."
Aspect to Asc: Sextile (weak)
Joy: Moon
Constellation correspondence: Sagittarius
Greek patron: Artemis (Diana)
Typical modern attribution: Brethren, short journeys, writings, studies, mental inclinations and ability, the 'lower' or practical mind.
My thesis: First tentative (resisted) moving toward the outer world (while still strongly habituated to the inner or private). This gives the sense of simple explorations or inquiries in a narrow (close to home, "neighborhood") range. It's inherently parochial. ("Siblings" is probably a misplaced attribution arising from the more general idea of "those closest to home and parents.") Traditional connections to active mind, curiosity, shrewdness, and language seem correct: I think these are the resources for first reaching out into the world and exploring it in a practical (and, again, parochial) way.

Manilius notes that "it controls the fortunes and fate of brothers." Firmicus also cites "everything that concerns brothers and friends," then mentions the title Dea and links this to travelers.

As house of Diana, it "reflects human mortality," and, as best I can tell, was anciently a house of sickness. In other words, it shows the polarity of health or illness, strength or failure, reflecting the waxing and waning strength of Moon; or, at least this is true in the poetic rendering. In more modern, psychological terms, I find in Diana/Artemis the broad idea of psyche, reflecting the mental qualities.
Sun in 3rd. Vivacious, restless. Intellect illuminated. Intellectually agile, versatile, calculating, shrewd. Disseminating. Little ambition or objective sense of direction. [ADD: Cagey, deceptive, in the sense of being indirect, manipulative.]

Moon in 3rd. Curiosity; active mind; information-exchange needs. Travel (unstable formative environment). Mobility, fluctuation. Feelings linked with intellect; subjectivity. Common sense. Easy despondency.
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Second House

Post by Jim Eshelman » Sun Mar 08, 2020 3:01 pm

Ancient Title: Haidou pyle, "Gates of Hell". Later, Latin Lucrum, "gain."
Aspect to Asc: No aspect
Joy: None.
Constellation correspondence: Scorpio
Greek patron: Ares (Mars)
Typical modern attribution: Financial affairs, money, gain or loss, material possessions.
My thesis: Enthusiastic flowing into the outer world (to master it?) after initial resistance, while still habituated to the inner, private, and personal ("mine"). As the final approach or closest approximation to Self, it signifies things identified with the world, i.e., important possessions and the idea of attachment or identification (in contrast to 8th House detachment and disidentification).

Some further thoughts developing this are here: viewtopic.php?f=17&t=46#p11609

Manilius regarded it as unfortunate, one of two "dread abodes of Typhon, whom savage Earth brought forth when she gave birth to war against heaven." Overall, like the 8th is is called unhappy and portrayed as weak and fearful. The correspondence of the "gates of Hell" to Scorpio is obvious!

By the time of Firmicus, this had evolved into something a little more akin to modern usage (the most changed of any house). To the 2nd, Firmicus attributes "increase in personal hopes and in material possession" (even though he keeps "Gate of Hell").

I increasingly think of it in the sense of moving out into the world the competitive struggle to earn a living as "going to war."
Sun in 2nd. Keen sense of ownership; possessiveness; self identified with resources. Sense of power from harnessing resources.

Moon in 2nd. Strongly reliant on personal resources (women especially rebel against conventional domestic roles and hold their own in a professional sphere). Shrewd, tenacious. Enjoys life. Protective of “what is theirs.”
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Re: House Meaning Theories

Post by Jim Eshelman » Tue Sep 15, 2020 12:44 pm

This thread has been substantially updated and should be considered the site's main descriptive thread on this subject at this time.
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